A Lion in Winter

The recent crises of the EU, both financial and political, haven’t shaken Habermas’s belief in strengthening the institutions of democratic solidarity that can permit the emergence of a truly European identity. The proper response to globalization, in his view, is not nationalistic withdrawal (as in the recent Brexit vote), but enhanced regulation and a support for horizontal procedures of decision-making against the ‘executive federalism’ imposed from above by policy leaders in both Germany and France. Even today, Habermas hasn’t ceased to defend Kant’s ideal of a genuinely cosmopolitan public sphere in which the bonds of reason transcend the old boundaries of national belonging.
— Peter E. Gordon